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Under various mechanisms of U.S. law (such as Section 301) and international trade law (such as GATT Article XXVIII), the United States may impose trade sanctions on foreign countries that either violate trade agreements or otherwise maintain laws or practices that are unjustifiable and restrict U.S. commerce.
When U.S. actions have been found to violate obligations under the WTO or other international trade agreements, affected foreign countries may impose trade sanctions on U.S. exports. These measures may remain in place until the United States is in compliance with its international obligations or otherwise resolves the dispute with the affected foreign country(ies).
For more information on U.S. and foreign retaliatory actions, please visit Retaliation Alert.