The 4th World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference, held during 2001 in Doha, Qatar launched the Doha Development Round of negotiations. There are four major areas of negotiation in the Doha round: Agriculture, Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA), Services, and Trade Facilitation. The negotiations also include other areas such as Rules and Dispute Settlement.
The main goal of NAMA is to expand industrial goods market access through the liberalization of tariff and non-tariff barriers. The United States maintains that such liberalization will stimulate economic growth, raise incomes and lower taxes, stimulate the growth of better-paying jobs, reduce poverty, and cut costs for businesses and consumers in the United States and around the world.
To achieve these goals, the United States is pushing for ambitious trade liberalization through the three NAMA ‘modalities’ under negotiation by the WTO Membership: tariff-cutting formula, sectoral tariff initiatives, and non-tariff trade barrier initiatives.